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Qiang Qiang "word in Chinese Document interpreted as shepherds, it is the font from the sheep from the people. The Qiang nation is engaged in animal husbandry and sheep featuring its culture also has a rich shepherd ethnic characteristics. Qiang costumes, men generally package cyan and white Toupa, wear self woven knee length white linen or blue gown, jacket wagon gown, foot sandals. Or a small number of people to wear shoes or leather, wool or linen wrapped leggings, waist band. Women hi wrapped cyan, white Toupa, or a stack of blue cloth in the head home watts like, and then its on for two braids wound bun, dressed in drag the instep of linen or cotton gown, jackets sheepskin gown, wrapped leggings , clothes, cuffs and lapel edges are embroidered with bright and beautiful lace collar lined with a row of small teeth on the quincunx pattern silver, tied at the waist embroidered aprons and ribbons to wear than the people of earrings, collars, hairpin, silver and other ornaments. Embroidered shoes with the shape of the boat slightly at the toe, uppers embroidered with colorful clouds pattern, commonly known as the "and so on shoes. Qiang staple corn, potatoes, supplemented by wheat, barley, buckwheat, etc.. Round root, radish, cabbage, peppers, peas, beans, vegetables accompanied round root leaves and cabbage cook sauerkraut. Often cooked food king gruel plus vegetables, roasted corn or wheat bran steamed bun, steamed cornmeal, mix rice, cornmeal-based "gold wrapped in silver mixing cornmeal and rice-based" Silver wrapped in gold " . After the butcher, the internal organs as the New Year's dishes, pork cut into small pieces and dried pig fat stored longer the more precious. Liquor of all ages like drink brewed with barley, barley fermented cooked. Kai altar when drink poured boiling water, interpolation death Xizhu tube, alternately suck after Adds water inside, until light and no alcohol far. Qiang food the corn the dumplings group, potato cake, bracken, wild, bacon, suck sprinkle the most distinctive. Qiang unique mastery of the architecture of its known to the world, which is the most famous towers, stone houses, rope bridge and along the cliff. Qiang building both its construction techniques specific performance, and as a typical representative of the material culture of the Qiang. There is documented as early as the "Han • Nanban Xinan Yi Biography", the Qiang ancestors "are mountain people and, the tired stone for room, high to Shiyu Zhang Qiong". Housing to make the best of both, with stones, the the Wong Nai brick, specializes in masonry walls, the housing Duocheng square or rectangular, two to three at the end, in livestock pens, intermediate to live in the top for the drying yard, to One tree cut into saw-shaped stairs up and down. The housing center Guozhuang set above the fireplace, an iron or copper, stone Tripod for catering Cuan. The fire endless year-round, said years of fire ". Guozhuang above where the ancestral tablets, usually family gatherings, eating, receiving guests, festive song and dance as well as ancestor worship and so in the next Guozhuang. General living together, and aggregated into three fifty villages. Branches have constructed stone towers, square, at the end of big on small, up to Shu Zhang. Qiang towers function points battle Watchtower whistle sculpture, circles sculpture, feng shui Blockhouse, Guanzhai sculpture, to shape divided into the four corners, pentagonal, hexagonal, octagonal sculpture, such as stone sculpture, in terms of material points, rammed earth the Watchtower, wood Watchtower . Stone buildings built using terrain, patchwork, row upon row, like a castle, spectacular. Liusuo, rope bridge and plank road is also Qiang crystallization of the wisdom of the working people. Liusuo is an ancient and primitive method of crossing the river, with a bamboo cable across the river on both sides to take advantage of the sloping trend, people hanging Chute from shore slid into the other side. Rope bridge in cross-strait bridge masonry bridge opening doors, side by side with a few or more than 10 bamboo rope, rope fixed to the cross-strait stone foundation or wooden pillars, bamboo cable capped with wood to facilitate people through. Another achievement of the Qiang cluster building technology dug wells, build the weir, scouring beaches and good water management. The Qiang family individual family mainly sons to grow into marriage separation. Implement paternal patriarchal family prevalent Kazuo - polygamy. Complexity rather grand wedding ceremony engagement process "opening wine," small custom wine "and" big wine, ". Married woman to spend the night "," positive feast "," thank-you "three forms. The Qiang funeral cremation, burial ago. Cremation is a historic tradition, but the prevalence of burial.
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